Prevention of "twists" of run in a car
The purpose of the project is to prevent fraud by reducing the odometer in the car market of Ukraine.
Status — the draft law has been registered in the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine.
Odometer adjustment in a car in Ukraine is a common phenomenon. As of today, there is no responsibility for such actions.
According to AUTO.RIA, during the 2nd quarter of 2020, 38% of the checked ads for the sale of cars revealed a discrepancy between the declared mileage and dealer bases. This is almost 50 thousand cars with "twisted" mileage.
Compared to the ads on the European marketplace mobile.de, the mileage of cars of the same age in Ukraine is 100,000 km lower than that of German cars.
The European Union estimates the losses from the mileage of 5.6-9.6 billion euros annually, the United States — $ 1 billion. It is difficult to calculate the possible losses of Ukraine, because we do not have an effective control mechanism.
HOW WE WILL WORK
In the unified electronic register of vehicles a new field will appear: mileage. Data will be entered there at each registration action, and in the future — during the inspection.
You will have to pay a fine if the mileage on the odometer is less than previously recorded in the database. The direct executor of "twists" will also be punished. This also applies to "freshly fitted" cars with twisted mileage. The expert will compare the actual indicators of the odometer with those specified in the customs declaration.
The bill also requires notification of the replacement of the dashboard, and enter the relevant data in the register. The exception is only for older cars, where odometers count only up to 99 thousand kilometers.
It is also forbidden to stop the odometer while driving.
The project provides for responsibility:
- for operation of a vehicle with a faulty (disconnected) odometer — a fine of 200 non-taxable minimum incomes — UAH 3,400;
- if the odometer of the car will be less than the last recorded in the Unified State Register of Vehicles — a fine of 500 non-taxable minimums — 8500 UAH;
- if at the first state registration odometer indicators are found to be lower than those specified in the customs declaration for free circulation of vehicles on the territory of Ukraine — a fine of 1000 non-taxable minimums — 17 000 UAH;
- for illegal reduction of the odometer of the vehicle, as well as repeated during the year of the violation, for which the person has already been subjected to an administrative penalty — a fine of 2000 non-taxable minimums — 34 000 UAH;
- those who provide services for "twisting" the mileage, also face a fine — 34 000 UAH.
In many countries of the European Union there are registers of vehicles, where data on their mileage are entered, and there is a responsibility for "twisting".
Technical centers in Europe are obliged to report to the police if they find the facts of odometer twisting. In particular, from March 2019 in Poland, during each inspection of the car, the police, border guards, traffic inspectorate, military gendarmerie and customs authorities have the right to record the actual meter readings.
In some countries (for example, Germany and Poland) there is not only a fine — for such actions you can go to prison.
OPINION OF EXPERTS
Oleksandr Onyschuk, Executive Director of the Car Research Institute:
Two odometer manipulation schemes are widespread in the Ukrainian used car market. First: mileage is "twisted" even in relatively new cars in order to sell more profitably. Second: people buy a used car in Europe, and on the border with Poland for a conditional $ 100 wind data mileage — so the car is cheaper to clear customs. Already after passing customs procedures, the run is twisted again.
Odometer correction services, ie reduction of their indicators, are openly advertised in all available means. No less openly sold devices that can independently reprogram electronic odometers, setting the desired rather than the actual mileage before selling the car.
In practice, regardless of the age of the car offered for sale, the mileage declared by the seller rarely exceeds 150,000-200,000 km.
As a result of such manipulations, the end consumer, the budget and ultimately the whole country suffer. A foolish buyer pays more for a car with much lower performance than stated, then spent on repairs and replacement parts. At the same time, no one in the country knows which cars drive on our roads. And the official customs at the same time does not receive millions of receipts.
Stanislav Buchatsky, Head of the Institute of Car Market Research:
The car owner is responsible, or if the relevant data is entered in the register — the proper user of the vehicle. The owner indicates the person to whom the car was handed over for use, and she will be responsible.
It also allows the consumer to check the mileage of the car by making a request to the Unified State Register of Vehicles.
Those who bought a used car and are not sure whether the mileage is sometimes twisted in it, should not worry. After all, they will compare the data with those that will be contained in the register.
After the law enters into force, the first visit for inspection or re-registration will be the "starting point". The actual mileage will be entered into the database, and the data will be compared with it in the future.
The goal is not to fine everyone, but to create an open online mileage database. So that everyone could check the real mileage of the car, and the twist itself became economically unprofitable.
MEDIA ABOUT THE PROJECT
Bill № 4039 was developed on the platform of the Institute of Car Market Research, representatives of public organizations, business, MPs took part in the development. The collaboration of theorists and practitioners has made it possible to make it effective and practical in the future.